1.  Communication – A leader must be proficient in all facets of communication. An effective leader must be able to articulate their vision in a clear manner so that everyone understands the strategy and their role. A leader should be approachable and able to directly approach others, facilitating two-way communication and feedback.

2.  Inspiration – The leader sets the tone and provides inspiration and motivation. They lead by example and do not see themselves subject to a different set of rules than others. Their strong belief, passion, and ability to articulate their vision directly affects those around them, instilling belief and confidence in the mission.

3.  Integrity – A leader’s character is beyond reproach, characterized by conduct that is ethical, respectful, and honest at all times. There is a high degree of transparency. Leaders do not stray from their value system when faced with adversity or when convenient. When mistakes are made, emphasis is on finding solutions, not casting blame.

4.  Team Development – A leader understands that it is teams working together with a common goal that determines success. The leader must assemble the right people, taking into account strengths and weaknesses, ensuring a proper mix of that all-important quality of effective teams – chemistry. The leader delegates and empowers the team, providing direction when problems occur, assisting in prioritization and planning, and is decisive with a sound decision making process.

5.  Adaptability – A leader must be able to adapt to changing or unforeseen circumstances and handle the ambiguity, uncertainty, and conflict in a graceful and self-assured manner. Effective leaders must be able to vary their management style, depending upon the circumstances and personnel involved, as there is no “one-size-fits-all” or one best leadership style across the spectrum.